Conditions & Procedures


The knee joint plays an important role in everyone’s life: It helps to support your body weight and bend your legs. Without your knees, you’d have trouble walking, running, sitting and with general mobility.

As the largest joint in the body, the knee is also the most complex. It connects the thigh with the rest of the leg and supports almost all of the weight of the human body, making the knee susceptible to multiple types of injuries and conditions, with numerous types of knee surgery available for treatment. The complexity of the knee surgery depends on the portion of the knee that needs to be treated, as well as the type of repair that needs to be performed. The most common types of knee surgery

The most common types of knee surgery include:
  • Meniscectomy / Arthroscopy Knee Surgery

This procedure is needed when the cartilage in the knee is damaged or torn, which can cause pain, inflammation and mobility issues. The most common form of a meniscectomy is arthroscopy, which means that small incisions are made and a fibre-optic camera is inserted into the knee. The damaged parts of the meniscus or the damaged cartilage on the bone are removed with special arthroscopic tools.

  • Meniscus Repair

A meniscus tear is damage to one of the flexible, cartilaginous discs that support the knee joint. A meniscus repair is surgery to repair the damaged cartilage instead of removing it. This procedure is more beneficial to the patient than complete removal, because it reduces the risk of developing arthritis later on in life.

  • Meniscus Transplant

This procedure is required if the meniscus tear is too severe to repair. This typically occurs with horizontal, flap, long-standing and degenerative (caused by years of wear and tear) tears. This surgery involves receiving replacement cartilage from a donor.

  • Plica Surgery

The plica is a synovial membrane on the knee that is highly vulnerable to injury. It only exists in about half the population – it’s theorised to be remnants of embryonic connective tissue that didn’t fully reabsorb during foetal development. An injury of the plica is referred to as Plica Syndrome, and can be treated with surgical or non-surgical methods.

  • Lateral Release

Lateral release is an arthroscopic procedure to realign the kneecap (the patella). It’s needed when the kneecap is being abnormally pulled to the outer area of its groove.

Other knee procedures include:
  • ACL Reconstruction
  • Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
  • High Tibial Osteotomy
  • Lateral Release and Medial Imbrication
  • Mini-Incision Total Knee Replacement
  • Revision Arthroplasty Of The Knee
  • Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy
  • Viscosupplementation For Osteoarthritis Of The Knee
  • ACL Reconstruction with Hamstring, Arhtroteck EZLoc
  • Artificial Joint Replacement Of The Knee
  • Patients Guide to Knee Arthroscopy
  • Meniscal Surgery
  • OATS Cartilage Repair Surgery
  • Revision Knee Surgery
  • Total Knee Replacement
Arthroscopic knee procedures:
  • Cartilage Repair
  • Knee Arthroscopy
  • Meniscus Repair
  • Patellar Tendon Graft Reconstruction Of The ACL
  • Tibial Osteotomy Unicompartmental Knee Replacement


Your shoulder joint is formed where the upper arm bone, shoulder blade, and collarbone meet. A group of four muscles surround these bones to form your rotator cuff. These muscles are attached to your bones by tendons, which are tough pieces of connective tissue. Your shoulder joint also includes layers of cartilage, joint fluid, and a bursa sac that helps cushion your joint. Shoulder surgery repairs a damaged, degenerated or diseased shoulder joint. It is a treatment for a variety of diseases and conditions in your shoulder joint. These commonly include rotator cuff tears, shoulder dislocations, and shoulder separations. Shoulder surgery can potentially help restore pain-free range of motion and full function to a damaged shoulder joint.

The most common types of knee surgery include:
  • Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty is surgery to relieve pain and restore motion by replacing or resurfacing a joint.

  • Arthroscopy

The use of a long, thin instrument that contains a small camera (known as an arthroscope) during shoulder surgery.

  • Rotator Cuff Repair

The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that keep the ball of the humerus in the shoulder socket. As its name suggests, it helps you raise and rotate your arm. Surgery to a damaged rotator cuff involves reattaching the torn muscles and tendons.

  • Soft Tissue Repair

Soft tissue injuries are when damage occurs to the muscles, tendons or ligaments. Surgery may be needed to treat these damaged shoulder muscles.

Other shoulder procedures include:
  • Arthroscopy Of The Shoulder
  • Arthroscopic Bankart Repair
  • Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement
  • Shoulder Resurfacing
  • Artificial Joint Replacement Of The Shoulder
  • Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair
  • Total Shoulder Replacement
  • The Shoulder Replacement Book
  • Reverse Shoulder Replacement
  • Mini-Open Rotator Cuff Repair
  • Shoulder Impingement Surgery


If you find yourself avoiding daily activities because of musculoskeletal pain or injury, Dr PJ Kane can help keep you moving by resolving bone and joint concerns that affect your knees and shoulders. When surgery is needed, our comprehensive education and rehabilitation program focuses on helping you have the most successful outcome possible.

Some of the most common procedures that we provide may include:
  • Arthroscopy

A minimally invasive (keyhole) technique, where tools are inserted into a joint to diagnose and repair damaged joint tissue, such as cartilage damage.

  • Repairing

Repairing damaged muscles, torn tendons or torn ligaments.

  • Arthroplasty

Surgery used to replace or resurface joints, usually because of arthritis. Hip replacements and knee replacements are two widely used and highly effective operations.

  • Surgery to correct bony deformity

Procedures to correct deformities of the spine or limbs that either limit function or would cause long-term problems if left untreated. Examples are fusion surgery, where bones are welded together to heal into a single, solid bone, and osteotomy (correcting a bony misalignment to help prevent degeneration of an adjacent joint).

Other procedures include:
  • Arthroscopy
  • Cast Care
  • Joint Injections
  • Nutraceuticals (Dietary Supplements)
  • Nutrition and Surgery
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma
  • Tobacco Cessation
  • Care of Casts and Splints
  • Joint Injections for Arthritis
  • Medications for Arthritis
  • Taking Care of Your New Cast
  • Viscosupplementation for Osteoarthritis of the Knee